Longévité : 4 paramètres qui jouent sur votre âge biologique Reviewed by Momizat on . Cholestérol, hypertension, diabète, carence hormonale… Bien s’occuper de sa santé permet de freiner ces accélérateurs de vieillissement. Votre âge biologique ne Cholestérol, hypertension, diabète, carence hormonale… Bien s’occuper de sa santé permet de freiner ces accélérateurs de vieillissement. Votre âge biologique ne Rating: 0

Longévité : 4 paramètres qui jouent sur votre âge biologique

santéCholestérol, hypertension, diabète, carence hormonale… Bien s’occuper de sa santé permet de freiner ces accélérateurs de vieillissement. Votre âge biologique ne correspond pas forcément à votre âge réel.

Vous n’avez peut-être pas l’âge inscrit sur votre état civil. « Le vieillissement est l’aboutissement de deux composantes : la survenue de stress répétés, aigus ou chroniques, couplée à la capacité biologique d’un individu de résister au stress. Cette dernière varie d’une personne à l’autre, mais également d’un tissu ou d’un organe à l’autre. C’est pour cette raison qu’à côté de l’âge chronologique, il existe un âge biologique », dit le Pr Jean Mariani, spécialiste de la biologie du vieillissement.

 1. Le cholestérol

Pourquoi il faut le surveiller ? Le LDL cholestérol est un facteur de toxicité vasculaire. Il endommage les vaisseaux, et augmente le risque d’infarctus et d’AVC. Il faut donc surveiller son taux de cholestérol.

En l’absence de facteur de risque chez l’adulte (tabagisme, hypertension, diabète, surpoids, sédentarité), il est normal si le cholestérol total est inférieur à 2,20 g/l de sang, le LDL cholestérol inférieur ou égal à 1,60 g/l et le HDL cholestérol supérieur à 0,40 g/l.

L’examen à faire : une prise de sang, à partir de 18 ans, à renouveler tous les cinq ans si le taux est normal.?

Que faire en cas de cholestérol ?

La Haute autorité de santé recommande des mesures hygiénodiététiques avant de mettre en place un traitement par statine.

Ainsi, elle préconise de diminuer son apport d’acides gras saturés (graisses d’origine animale, en particulier viande et charcuteries, huile de palme ou d’arachide) et d’augmenter son apport en fibres et en acides gras polyinsaturés (oméga-3). Cela revient à manger méditerranéen et à faire de l’exercice.

2. Le diabète

Pourquoi il faut surveiller son taux de sucre sanguin ? Une étude publiée en décembre 2014 indique que le diabète accélère le vieillissement cérébral d’environ cinq ans. Un taux trop élevé de sucre (glucose) dans le sang stimule la production d’insuline pour le réguler. Or, cette hormone altère le fonctionnement des cellules, “use” l’organisme et accélère le vieillissement. C’est un facteur de risque important d’athérosclérose et de maladies cardiovasculaires.

L’examen à faire : une prise de sang ou une analyse d’urine, à partir de 45 ans ou avant en cas d’antécédent, à renouvler tous les trois ans.

Que faire en cas de diabète ?

Selon le Pr André Aleman, manger sainement et absorber peu de calories réduit l’activité de ce système et allonge la vie en bonne santé. Il s’agit de réduire les boissons sucrées, les gâteaux, les viennoiseries… à l’inverse, il faut privilégier les légumes (riches en fibres) et les sucres à faible index glycémique comme le propose le régime méditerranéen.

Votre médecin vous prescrira un antidiabétique si vos analyses révèlent un taux de glucose dans le sang (glycémie) à jeun supérieur à 1,26 g/l, et ce à deux reprises. D’ailleurs, le premier médicament prescrit en cas de diabète de type 2, la metformine, ralentit le vieillissement.

3. L’hypertension artérielle

Pourquoi il faut surveiller sa tension ? L’hypertension signe le vieillissement des vaisseaux. C’est un facteur de risque cardiovasculaire. Elle augmente également le risque d’insuffisance rénale. Elle est diagnostiquée quand trois fois de suite sont mesurées des valeurs supérieures à 140 mmHg pour le premier chiffre (pression systolique quand Le bon examen pour le dépister :le cœur se contracte), et à 90 mmHg pour le second (diastolique quand le cœur se relâche).

L’examen à faire : la mesure de la tension artérielle à l’aide d’un tensiomètre à bras, une fois par an à partir de 40 ans.

Que faire contre l’hypertension ?

Des activités physiques d’endurance, au seuil d’essoufflement sans le dépasser, vous aideront à la faire baisser. Votre cœur pourra pomper le sang en faisant moins d’effort, diminuant la pression du sang contre les vaisseaux.

L’exercice régulier réduit la tension de 4 à 9 mmHg sans médicament. Si cela ne suffit pas, la traiter permet de normaliser les chiffres pour ne pas abîmer ses vaisseaux.

4. La carence hormonale

Pourquoi il faut surveiller son taux d’œstrogènes ? Chez la femme, la ménopause survient vers 50 ans. Or, les œstrogènes protègent le cœur, les vaisseaux et le cerveau.

Que faire en cas de carence hormonale ?

Le traitement hormonal de la ménopause (THM) a été encadré pour limiter le risque de cancer du sein ou des ovaires.

La plupart des médecins se veulent rassurants : le “THM à la française” est le seul traitement qui réduit les bouffées de chaleur, améliore le sommeil et l’humeur, parfois même la mémoire.

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