Mali : un nouveau Boko Haram sur le Front de libération du Macina ? Reviewed by Momizat on . Dans la région du Macina, dans le centre du Mali, des milices d'autodéfense peules se sont radicalisées et leur rhétorique n'est pas sans rappeler celle des jih Dans la région du Macina, dans le centre du Mali, des milices d'autodéfense peules se sont radicalisées et leur rhétorique n'est pas sans rappeler celle des jih Rating: 0

Mali : un nouveau Boko Haram sur le Front de libération du Macina ?

BOKOU HARAMDans la région du Macina, dans le centre du Mali, des milices d’autodéfense peules se sont radicalisées et leur rhétorique n’est pas sans rappeler celle des jihadistes nigérians. Qui sont-elles ?

C’était au mois de février. Le nom d’Amadou Koufa n’était pas encore sur toutes les lèvres, et le Front de libération du Macina (ou la Force de libération du Macina, on ne sait pas vraiment) n’avait que peu fait parler de lui. Mais déjà, l’ancien ministre de la Défense Soumeylou Boubèye Maïga mettait en garde : « Les Peuls s’organisent pour se défendre. Ils se radicalisent. C’est très inquiétant. »

Ses craintes étaient justifiées. Aujourd’hui, le Macina, cette région qui s’étend de la frontière mauritanienne à la frontière burkinabè et dont l’épicentre se situe autour de Mopti, est l’un des principaux théâtres des violences qui minent le Mali. Et ceux qui le peuplent, des Peuls pour la plupart, sont désormais au centre des préoccupations des autorités maliennes et des chancelleries étrangères.

On ne sait presque rien d’eux. On n’est même pas sûr que leur chef présumé soit encore en vie

Les offensives se multiplient

Les offensives contre les forces de l’ordre maliennes s’y sont multipliées ces derniers mois. Plusieurs villages ont été attaqués : Nampala, Ténenkou, Boulkessi… Début août, c’est un hôtel de Sévaré, une ville stratégique pour les militaires, qui a été pris d’assaut. Régulièrement, les témoins évoquent des hommes « noirs » échangeant « en pulaar ». On y a également enregistré une série d’assassinats ciblés. Le 13 août, l’imam de Barkérou, Aladji Sékou, un homme de 63 ans, a été exécuté par des motards armés. Pour son entourage, aucun doute : ce sont les jihadistes d’Amadou Koufa, auxquels il s’opposait, qui l’ont tué.

On ne sait rien ou presque de ce mystérieux Front de libération du Macina qui n’a jamais publié aucun document et qui laisse nombre de spécialistes dubitatifs. On ne sait pas s’il existe réellement. On ne sait même pas si son guide présumé, Amadou Koufa, est encore en vie.

Certains, parmi les mieux informés au Mali, jurent que c’est lui qui est derrière toutes ces violences. D’autres assurent qu’il a péri en janvier 2013 lors de l’offensive des jihadistes vers le sud qui avait provoqué l’intervention de l’armée française et qu’il aurait lui-même engagée dans le but de conquérir la ville de Mopti.

Les habitants de la région livrent bien quelques détails sur le parcours de ce prédicateur connu pour ses prêches enflammés, ses liens avérés avec Iyad Ag Ghaly, le leader d’Ansar Eddine, ses appels à faire de Mopti la capitale du futur califat, ou encore ses références à l’empire peul du Macina – un empire théocratique qui a prospéré au XIXe siècle, en même temps que le califat de Sokoto, auquel se réfèrent parfois les leaders de Boko Haram. Mais rien sur sa mort.

Aucune certitude sur ces milices, seulement des hypothèses

À Paris, dans les cercles censés être les mieux informés sur le Mali, ou à Bamako, au quartier général de la Minusma, on admet ne rien connaître à cette région depuis longtemps délaissée par l’État malien et la coopération française.

Et l’on en est réduit à émettre des hypothèses. « Soit Koufa est un homme d’Iyad, auquel cas il est plus ou moins contrôlable car Iyad est en mesure de raisonner, indique un collaborateur du ministre de la Défense, Jean-Yves Le Drian. Soit c’est un nouvel Aboubakar Shekau et le Front de libération du Macina est un nouveau Boko Haram, et alors on peut s’inquiéter.

J.A.

Vers un mouvement structuré ?

En attendant d’en savoir plus, il est une réalité difficilement contestable : les Peuls de cette région se sont armés et organisés, et il n’y a là rien de nouveau ni d’étonnant.

« Nous sommes dans une région marquée par de nombreux conflits communautaires, explique Boukary Sangaré, un anthropologue qui parcourt le Macina depuis sept ans. Les Peuls nomades, des bergers pour la plupart, ont souvent des problèmes avec les Touaregs ou les Dogons. Quand les rebelles puis les jihadistes sont arrivés en 2012 et que l’État a disparu, il n’y avait plus personne pour régler les conflits. Ils ont donc dû s’armer pour se défendre. Ils ont sollicité l’aide des autorités, mais après leur refus, ils se sont tournés vers les jihadistes et notamment vers le Mujao. » Dans le même temps, les idées salafistes gagnaient du terrain, les prêches dénonçant, comme au Nigeria, « l’éducation des Blancs » se multipliaient, et Koufa se rapprochait d’Iyad.

Après l’intervention française et la reconquête du Nord, le Macina a été la première région réoccupée par l’armée malienne. « Les soldats, qui rêvaient de revanche, y ont exprimé toutes leurs frustrations », indique une source française. Et les Peuls l’ont parfois payé de leur vie. Des ONG y ont enregistré des exécutions sommaires et des rafles, mais aussi des insultes et des vols de bétail. « Dans certains cas, les villageois servaient même de boucliers humains aux soldats, glisse une source onusienne. Cela a poussé les gens à reprendre les armes et à rejoindre l’ennemi : les groupes jihadistes. »

Selon cette même source, ce qui était perçu, au début, comme des « initiatives locales d’autodéfense » a pris les traits d’un « mouvement structuré » dont on ne sait rien. La grande crainte de Boubèye Maïga, en février, était que les Peuls du Macina s’allient avec d’autres Peuls qui avaient eux aussi pris les armes pour se défendre (tout près, à la frontière entre le Mali et le Niger, ou très loin, dans les forêts centrafricaines) et que des hommes politiques en mal de publicité au Mali ne fassent de la « pulitude » leur nouvel étendard.

Jeune Afrique

Facebook Comments

Commentaires (67)

  • official statement

    I just want to mention I am new to blogging and honestly loved you’re web page. Very likely I’m going to bookmark your site . You actually have fantastic articles. Cheers for sharing with us your website.

    Répondre
  • John Deere Technical Manuals

    Merci beaucoup quant а la puretй des thиme mentionnйs ici : on risque tout de suite s”interviewer au sujet de la juste signification des prйtextes que vous citez maintenant…

    Répondre
  • Home Comfortable

    Awsome site! I am loving it!! Will come back again. I am bookmarking your feeds also

    Répondre
  • j fashion stores

    Zune and iPod: Most human beings evaluate the Zune towards the Touch, still soon after viewing how thin and shockingly reduced and gentle it is, I try it towards be a as an alternative distinctive hybrid that combines qualities of both of those the Touch and the Nano. It is really very vibrant and magnificent OLED display is somewhat smaller than the contact screen, yet the participant itself feels Very a bit smaller sized and lighter. It weighs with regards to 2/3 as significantly, and is considerably smaller in just width and height, while being simply a hair thicker.

    Répondre
  • Health & Fitness

    I haven¡¦t checked in here for a while because I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are good quality so I guess I¡¦ll add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

    Répondre
  • Health & Fitness

    I¡¦m no longer positive where you are getting your info, however good topic. I must spend some time studying more or figuring out more. Thank you for excellent info I used to be in search of this info for my mission.

    Répondre
  • House & Home Improvement

    Great website. Plenty of useful info here. I am sending it to several friends ans additionally sharing in delicious. And naturally, thanks for your effort!

    Répondre
  • Home Improvement

    Thank you so much for providing individuals with an extraordinarily pleasant chance to check tips from here. It is usually so superb and packed with a lot of fun for me and my office friends to search your web site at minimum 3 times weekly to read the fresh items you have got. And of course, I’m also always amazed considering the impressive principles served by you. Certain 4 facts in this posting are absolutely the most efficient we have all had.

    Répondre
  • News

    Just a smiling visitant here to share the love (:, btw great design and style .

    Répondre
  • Web Design

    I and my buddies happened to be taking note of the good helpful hints found on your web blog and then unexpectedly I got a horrible suspicion I had not expressed respect to the web site owner for them. All of the people are actually totally happy to study all of them and have in effect very much been taking pleasure in those things. Thanks for being very accommodating as well as for picking out such exceptional areas most people are really desperate to be aware of. My very own honest regret for not saying thanks to sooner.

    Répondre
  • maplestory 2 fishing tips

    Sorry for the substantial critique, nonetheless I am actually loving the refreshing Zune, and count on this, as well as the good quality assessments some other men and women contain written, will assist on your own make your mind up if it’s the straight choice for on your own.

    Répondre
  • Buy medicine online

    My brother recommended I might like this website. He was entirely right. This post truly made my day. You can not imagine just how much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

    Répondre
  • Fashion

    I¡¦ll right away grasp your rss as I can’t to find your email subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Please allow me realize so that I could subscribe. Thanks.

    Répondre
  • buy furniture

    If you might be even now on the fence: grab your preferred earphones, mind down towards a Simplest Order and question towards plug them into a Zune then an iPod and view which 1 seems far better in the direction of your self, and which interface would make on your own smile additional. Then you are going to realize which is straight for on your own.

    Répondre
  • Law & Legal

    hey there and thank you for your information – I’ve certainly picked up anything new from right here. I did however expertise several technical issues using this web site, as I experienced to reload the site many times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your hosting is OK? Not that I’m complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will sometimes affect your placement in google and can damage your high-quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords. Anyway I am adding this RSS to my e-mail and could look out for much more of your respective intriguing content. Make sure you update this again very soon..

    Répondre
  • Music Arts & Entertainments

    Nice read, I just passed this onto a colleague who was doing some research on that. And he actually bought me lunch because I found it for him smile So let me rephrase that: Thank you for lunch!

    Répondre
  • Pets

    Great post. I was checking continuously this blog and I’m impressed! Very useful info specifically the last part 🙂 I care for such information much. I was seeking this particular information for a very long time. Thank you and best of luck.

    Répondre
  • video marketing trends

    Sorry for the massive evaluate, but I am rather loving the contemporary Zune, and be expecting this, as well as the Terrific assessments some other individuals consist of composed, will assist you decide if it can be the immediately determination for oneself.

    Répondre
  • dmca

    Hi there this is somewhat of off topic but I was wanting to know if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML. I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding experience so I wanted to get guidance from someone with experience. Any help would be greatly appreciated!

    Répondre
  • dmca

    I was just searching for this info for some time. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, at last I got it in your website. I wonder what’s the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this type of informative web sites in top of the list. Normally the top sites are full of garbage.

    Répondre
  • nail salons scottsdale az

    I like what you guys are up too. Such clever work and reporting! Keep up the excellent works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it’ll improve the value of my site 🙂

    Répondre
  • Travel

    Very interesting topic , thankyou for putting up. « The friendship that can cease has never been real. » by Saint Jerome.

    Répondre
  • health hair care

    This is becoming a bit extra subjective, nonetheless I substantially want the Zune Market place. The interface is vibrant, includes much more flair, and some amazing capabilities including ‘Mixview’ that allow for by yourself suddenly watch identical albums, music, or other people very similar toward what you might be listening in the direction of. Clicking on one particular of those people will middle on that products, and another fastened of « neighbors » will come into see, permitting by yourself to navigate in excess of looking into via related artists, songs, or users. Talking of people, the Zune « Social » is far too superior enjoyable, making it possible for oneself come across many others with shared tastes and turning into friends with them. Your self then can hear toward a playlist designed centered on an amalgamation of what all your buddies are listening in direction of, which is in addition fascinating. All those apprehensive with privateness will be relieved toward comprehend by yourself can reduce the community from looking at your person listening behaviors if by yourself so select.

    Répondre
  • casino games

    Excellent post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed! Very helpful info specifically the last part 🙂 I care for such information much. I was looking for this certain info for a long time. Thank you and best of luck.

    Répondre
  • Health

    This is very interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I have joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your wonderful post. Also, I have shared your website in my social networks!

    Répondre
  • Fashion For Passion

    whoah this blog is wonderful i like studying your posts. Keep up the great paintings! You already know, lots of persons are searching round for this info, you could aid them greatly.

    Répondre
  • advertising agencies in san antonio

    Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to protect against hackers? I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any tips?

    Répondre
  • repair garage door openers

    I was just seeking this information for a while. After six hours of continuous Googleing, at last I got it in your website. I wonder what’s the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this kind of informative web sites in top of the list. Normally the top websites are full of garbage.

    Répondre
  • film streaming

    After I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now every time a comment is added I get four emails with the identical comment. Is there any manner you may remove me from that service? Thanks!

    Répondre
  • Croitoru Iulian

    I was wondering if you ever thought of changing the structure of your website? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or two pictures. Maybe you could space it out better?

    Répondre
  • แนะนำสถานที่แต่งงานในสวน

    certainly like your web-site but you need to check the spelling on several of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling problems and I find it very bothersome to inform the reality nevertheless I’ll surely come again again.

    Répondre
  • viagra

    Also I believe that mesothelioma is a exceptional form of cancer malignancy that is usually found in those people previously familiar with asbestos. Cancerous tissues form while in the mesothelium, which is a protective lining that covers almost all of the body’s bodily organs. These cells generally form from the lining with the lungs, mid-section, or the sac which encircles one’s heart. Thanks for discussing your ideas.

    Répondre
  • health tinnitus

    Apple at this time includes Rhapsody as an application, which is a outstanding start off, nonetheless it is previously hampered by means of the incapacity towards retailer domestically upon your iPod, and contains a dismal 64kbps bit value. If this alterations, then it will to some degree negate this advantage for the Zune, however the 10 songs for every thirty day period will continue to be a big moreover within Zune Pass’ like.

    Répondre
  • toko komputer jakarta

    I have been exploring for a little for any high quality articles or blog posts on this kind of area . Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this site. Reading this info So i am happy to convey that I have an incredibly good uncanny feeling I discovered exactly what I needed. I most certainly will make sure to don’t forget this website and give it a glance on a constant basis.

    Répondre
  • toko komputer murah

    Great goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you are just too wonderful. I really like what you have acquired here, certainly like what you’re saying and the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it smart. I cant wait to read much more from you. This is really a great website.

    Répondre
  • News

    Wonderful website. Plenty of helpful info here. I am sending it to some friends ans also sharing in delicious. And obviously, thank you for your effort!

    Répondre
  • Dmca

    I’ve been browsing online more than three hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the web will be a lot more useful than ever before.

    Répondre
  • Video Games

    I cling on to listening to the newscast talk about receiving free online grant applications so I have been looking around for the best site to get one. Could you tell me please, where could i get some?

    Répondre
  • Dmca

    Thanks for your write-up. I also believe laptop computers have gotten more and more popular nowadays, and now are usually the only type of computer included in a household. This is due to the fact that at the same time they are becoming more and more cost-effective, their computing power keeps growing to the point where they may be as highly effective as desktop computers coming from just a few in years past.

    Répondre
  • Dmca

    I’ll immediately grab your rss feed as I can’t find your email subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Please let me know in order that I could subscribe. Thanks.

    Répondre
  • Dmca

    I have been exploring for a little bit for any high-quality articles or weblog posts on this sort of house . Exploring in Yahoo I ultimately stumbled upon this web site. Studying this information So i¡¦m satisfied to show that I’ve a very excellent uncanny feeling I came upon just what I needed. I most indisputably will make sure to do not forget this web site and give it a look on a continuing basis.

    Répondre
  • Dmca

    you’re actually a excellent webmaster. The site loading pace is amazing. It sort of feels that you’re doing any unique trick. Moreover, The contents are masterwork. you have performed a great job on this topic!

    Répondre
  • Health

    It is actually a great and useful piece of info. I’m glad that you just shared this useful information with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

    Répondre
  • film streaming

    I really enjoy reading through on this site, it has superb posts. « Beware lest in your anxiety to avoid war you obtain a master. » by Demosthenes.

    Répondre
  • music downloads 247

    This is turning out to be a bit further more subjective, nonetheless I significantly want the Zune Marketplace. The interface is colourful, contains excess flair, and some interesting functions which include ‘Mixview’ that make it possible for yourself quickly check out identical albums, tunes, or other end users similar in the direction of what you might be listening toward. Clicking upon one particular of those people will heart upon that merchandise, and an additional fixed of « neighbors » will occur into viewpoint, letting on your own toward navigate in close proximity to researching as a result of related artists, audio, or people. Conversing of users, the Zune « Social » is also best fun, enabling your self discover other people with shared preferences and turning out to be buddies with them. Your self then can hear in the direction of a playlist created based on an amalgamation of what all your buddies are listening in the direction of, which is on top of that thrilling. These fearful with privacy will be relieved in the direction of realize your self can stay away from the public from observing your person listening behavior if yourself consequently take.

    Répondre
  • Property

    Thank you so much for giving everyone such a nice chance to read in detail from this website. It is usually very good plus stuffed with a good time for me and my office friends to visit your website the equivalent of three times in 7 days to see the newest tips you have. And of course, I am just usually fascinated with your good creative concepts you give. Some 2 facts in this post are clearly the most beneficial we have all had.

    Répondre
  • Public Finance Management

    I do agree with all the concepts you have presented to your post. They are really convincing and can definitely work. Still, the posts are very short for beginners. May you please extend them a little from next time? Thanks for the post.

    Répondre
  • Film streamig

    Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read anything like this before. So nice to search out someone with some original ideas on this subject. realy thanks for starting this up. this web site is something that’s wanted on the net, someone with a little originality. helpful job for bringing one thing new to the internet!

    Répondre
  • streaming film

    There is clearly a lot to realize about this. I feel you made certain good points in features also.

    Répondre
  • stream complet

    I haven’t checked in here for some time as I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are great quality so I guess I will add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

    Répondre
  • film streaming

    As a Newbie, I am continuously exploring online for articles that can be of assistance to me. Thank you

    Répondre
  • streaming vf

    Hmm it looks like your site ate my first comment (it was super long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I wrote and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I as well am an aspiring blog writer but I’m still new to the whole thing. Do you have any helpful hints for beginner blog writers? I’d genuinely appreciate it.

    Répondre
  • digital marketing agency

    Hi there are using WordPress for your blog platform? I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my own. Do you need any coding knowledge to make your own blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

    Répondre
  • film gratuit

    Great – I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your web site. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs and related information ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, website theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Excellent task.

    Répondre
  • News

    Hello my friend! I want to say that this post is awesome, nice written and include almost all significant infos. I would like to look more posts like this.

    Répondre
  • w88vn

    you are in reality a just right webmaster. The website loading speed is incredible. It seems that you are doing any unique trick. In addition, The contents are masterpiece. you have performed a wonderful process in this matter!

    Répondre
  • w88 thailand fc

    Hello, you used to write excellent, but the last several posts have been kinda boring… I miss your great writings. Past several posts are just a bit out of track! come on!

    Répondre
  • movies awards

    Good web site! I truly love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written. I’m wondering how I might be notified whenever a new post has been made. I’ve subscribed to your RSS which must do the trick! Have a great day!

    Répondre
  • business administration

    Simply desire to say your article is as astounding. The clearness in your post is just great and i can assume you are an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission let me to grab your feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please carry on the enjoyable work.

    Répondre
  • Gardening Tools

    A lot of thanks for all your valuable efforts on this web page. Kim loves participating in investigations and it is simple to grasp why. Many of us learn all regarding the powerful form you make practical steps on your website and in addition boost contribution from website visitors on that point then our own princess is certainly being taught a whole lot. Enjoy the remaining portion of the new year. Your performing a brilliant job.

    Répondre
  • rental elf jakarta

    Great web site. A lot of useful information here. I’m sending it to a few friends ans also sharing in delicious. And certainly, thanks for your effort!

    Répondre
  • porn

    I absolutely love your blog and find almost all of your post’s to be what precisely I’m looking for. Do you offer guest writers to write content available for you? I wouldn’t mind composing a post or elaborating on a few of the subjects you write concerning here. Again, awesome site!

    Répondre
  • throw

    I have recently started a site, the information you offer on this web site has helped me tremendously. Thanks for all of your time & work.

    Répondre
  • Central london harley street Psychotherapist

    Hey, thanks for the blog.Thanks Again. Keep writing.

    Répondre
  • Home Improvement

    Howdy very nice blog!! Man .. Excellent .. Amazing .. I’ll bookmark your website and take the feeds additionally…I’m glad to seek out so many useful info right here within the put up, we’d like develop more techniques in this regard, thanks for sharing.

    Répondre
  • Bangkok hotel

    Thanks for your post on the traveling industry. I’d also like contribute that if you are a senior taking into account traveling, it truly is absolutely important to buy travel cover for retirees. When traveling, seniors are at greatest risk being in need of a medical emergency. Obtaining the right insurance policy package for one’s age group can protect your health and give you peace of mind.

    Répondre
  • บาคาร่าออนไลน์ฟรี

    Rattling nice design and fantastic written content , very little else we require : D.

    Répondre

Laisser un commentaire

Copyright © conakryplanete.info - Tous droits réservés Site réalisé par l'agence de communication Web 4DAYS GROUP

Retour en haut de la page